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SEC Risk Factors Disclosure Analysis

Harvard Corporate Governance

Opportunities remain to better align external risk reporting with internal risk management and reporting processes, improve the readability and categorization of risks, and make disclosures less generic.

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Addressing Market Volatility and Risk in M&A Agreements

Harvard Corporate Governance

This additional regulatory delay means that transactions, and in particular deals involving stock consideration, are increasingly vulnerable to market risk over a longer time horizon. more…).


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Arbitrage Pricing Theory (APT) - Can it Enhance Valuation?


The theory suggests that the expected return on an asset can be modeled as a linear function of various macroeconomic factors or "factor loadings" that affect the asset's risk, such as market risk, industry risk, and country risk. First, we need to estimate the factor loadings for each risk factor.

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Discount Rate—Explanation, Definition and Examples


Risk Premium: The risk premium reflects the additional return investors demand for taking on the risk of investing in the overall market. It is often referred to as the “market risk premium.” Small-cap stocks are often considered riskier and may command a size premium.

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Cleary Gottlieb Discusses Proposed Capital-Requirement Increases for Banks

Reynolds Holding

The main thrust of the proposal is to eliminate the use of models in relation to credit risk and operational risk and, for market risk exposures, to make the use of models much more difficult to be approved (and to stay approved). from outside the large banking organizations).

Banking 40
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The Fundamentals of Financial Risk Management Explained

Audit Board

Financial risk is the likelihood that the organization will lose money on a business investment or other decision, including loss of capital. Below are six types of risks that fall into the financial sphere, including operational risk, credit risk, market risk, liquidity risk, legal risk, and foreign exchange risk.

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Navigating the Risk-Reward Equation in Mergers and Acquisitions: Unveiling the Dynamics of Financing Models

Sun Acquisitions

However, stock transactions introduce market risk, as the value of the acquiring company’s shares may fluctuate post-merger. The right balance between cash and stock is crucial for aligning incentives and optimizing the risk-reward equation.

Finance 59